Ordering of Sentences - Test-03

Ordering of Sentences
Directions:In the following items each passage consists of six sentences. The first and the sixth sentence are given in the beginning. The middle four sentences in each have been removed and jumbled up. These are labelled P, Q R and S. You are required to find out the proper sequence of the four sentences.


1. S1: Most people know that economics deals with such items as population, natural resources, incomes, tariffs, money and prices.
S6: From this view, human behaviour is seen as activity directed towards the achievement of various objectives through the use of various resources.

P: Instead, it is how it organises and analyses its materials; it is the perspective from which it views the world that makes it a special field of study.
Q: However, it is not what economics deals with that makes it a distinctive science.
R: Indeed, the list of topics can be greatly extended.
S: Economics is a particular view of reality.


2. S1: Of the various kinds of insect defences that of the North American fungus - eating beetle is quite unusual.
S6: The beetle's chemical secretion keeps the deer mouse at bay.

P: Both ants as well as mammals such as deermice feed on this beetle.
Q: This little beetle is able to recognize the kind of predator coming towards it and accordingly adopts a suitable defence.
R: When facing a deermouse, the beetle secretes an irritant from certain glands in its abdomen.
S: While the beetle simply rolls itself into a compact ball in the face of an ant attack, it copes with the deer mouse differently.


3. S1: The path of Venus lies inside, the path of the Earth.
S6: When at, its brightest, it, is easily seen with the naked eye in broad daylight.

P: When at its farthest from the Earth, Venus is 160 million miles away.
Q: With such a wide range between its greatest and least distances it is natural that at sometimes Venus appears much brighter than others.
R: No other body ever comes so near the Earth, with the exception of the.Moon and an occasional comet or asteroid.
S: When Venus is at its nearest to the Earth, it is only 26 million miles away.


4. S1: In the present day it is not necessary that generals or great officers should fight with their own hands, because it is their duty to direct the movements of their followers.
S6: Robert Bruce was so remarkably active and powerful that he came through manypersonal dangers.

P: But in the ancient times, kings and great lords were obliged to put themselves into the very front.
Q: Therefore, it was of great consequence that they should be strong men and dexterous in the use of their arms.
R: The artillery and the soldiers shoot at the enemy, and men seldom mingle and fight hand to hand.
S: They fought like ordinary men with the lance and other weapons.


5. S1: Progress and success are attained in slow degrees.
S6: However, we must realise the truth that perfection is attained in slow proportions to the amount of labour put in by us.

P: But slow progress makes us grow impatient, disheartened and discouraged.
Q: The general tendency is to find fault with the system.
R: It is for this reason that people condemn and criticise the government.
S: People expect miracles and nothing short of a magical transformation can convince them.



6. S1: Most of the perishable foods are shipped by refrigerator ships.
S6: Ripe bananas are poor travellers and even one ripe banana at the start of the trip can spoil a whole ship load of fruit.

P: They are placed in the refrigerated hold of the ship.
Q: Some foods, such as bananas, are shipped before they get ripe.
R: As the green bananas are loaded, a man watchbs closely the signs of yellow on them.
S: The cool temperatures keep the bananas from getting ripe during the trip.


7. S1: The 'age of computers' is considered to have begun in 1946.
S6: And now it is difficult to find a field where computers are not used.

P: Those early computers were huge and heavy affairs, with problems of speed and size.
Q: It was only with the introduction of electronics that the computers really came of age.
R: But computers were in use long before that.
S: They had several rotating shafts and gears which almost always doomed them to slow operation.


8. S1: Hungary, with a population of about ten million, lies between Czechoslovakia to the north and Yugoslavia to the south.
S6: The new industries derive mainly from agricultural production.

P: Here a great deal of grain is grown.
Q: In recent years, however, progress has been made also in the field of industrialisation.
R: Most of this country consists of an extremely fertile plain, through which the river Danube flows.
S: In addition to grain, the plain produces potatoes, sugar, wine and livestock.


9. S1: For some time in his youth, Abraham Lincoln was manager of a shop.
S6: Never before had Lincoln had so much time for reading as he had then.

P: Then a chance customer would come.
Q: Young Lincoln's way of keeping shop was entirely unlike anyone else's.
R: Lincoln would jump up and attend to his needs and then revert to his needs.
S: He used to lie full length on the counter of the shop eagerly reading a book.


10. S1: During the Middle Ages the manufacture of cloth was divided amongst a number of associations of skilled workers who performed different operations required ih its production.
S6: This was one of the reasons why the industry flourished in such rich countries as Flanders, Italy and Britain.

P: But the association of skilled workers lacked capital to buy it.
Q: Consequently, he began to assume the role of ther employer.
R: With the mechanisation of these operations, complicated apparatus became necessary for economic production.
S: The banker, therefore, stepped in to finance the industrialisation of these operations.


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