Ordering of Sentences - Test-05

Ordering of Sentences
Directions:In the following items each passage consists of six sentences. The first and the sixth sentence are given in the beginning. The middle four sentences in each have been removed and jumbled up. These are labelled P, Q R and S. You are required to find out the proper sequence of the four sentences.


1. S1: There is nothing strange in the fact that so many foreign students should wish to learn English.
S6: This key will open to him whatever is valuable in the literature of the world.

P: If any valuable book is written in another language, an English translation of it is sure to be speedily published.
Q: Anyone who masters the English tongue acquires a key.
R: Most books found to be generally useful are written in English.
S: The English speaking people want no monopoly of knowledge.


2. S1: An elderly lady suddenly became blind.
S6: The lady said that she had nbt been properly cured because she could not see all her furniture.

P: The doctor called daily and every time he took away some of her furniture he liked.
Q: At last, she was cured and the doctor demanded his fee.
R: She agreed to pay a large fee to the doctor who would cure her.
S: On being refused, the doctor wanted to know the reason.


3. S1: We must never allow ourselves to lapse into the evil habit of borrowing money from others.
S6: We must not confuse money lending with generosity.

P: We must work hard and earn money, enough for our wants.
Q: Even if we are fortunate enough to possess surplus wealth, we should take care not to lend out money indiscriminately.
R: If borrowing is bad, lending is worse.
S: Borrowing of a habitual nature prevents us from being industrious:


4. S1: The earliest reference to' the playing card has been found in China, as long ago, as the tenth century.
S6: The current pack of 52 cards was only regulated in the seventeenth century.

P: They appeared in Italy around 1320.
Q: Long before that the Chinese used paper money which was similar in design to the playing cards.
R: It is believed that perhaps travelling gypsies introduced them to Europe.
S: In olden days cards were used both for telling fortune and playing games.


5. S1: While on a fishing trip last surnmer, I watched an elderly man fishing off the edge of a dock.
S6: Cheerfully, the old man replied "Small frying pan."

P: "Why didn't you keep the other big ones?" I aksed.
Q: He caught an enormous trout, but apparently not satisfied with its size, he threw it back into the war.
R: He finally caught a small pike. threw it into his pail, and, smilin, happily, prepared to live.
S: Amazed, I watched him repeat this performance.



6. S1: Reena went shopping one morning.
S6: She drove home with an empty shopping basket.

P: Disappointed she turned around and returned to the parking lot.
Q: She got out and walked to the nearest shop.
R: She drove her car into the parking lot and stopped.
S: It was there that she realised that she'd forgotten her purse at home.


7. S1: Mr. Ford, it is commonly reported, once declared that history was "bunk'.
S6: And the American's conception of his own country as the representative of freedom and of democracy is the product of history as popularly taught and conceived over there.

P: Yet the American, generally speaking, is by no means ignorant of history or uninfluenced by his knowledge of it.
Q: This remarkable utterance of his, if indeed he made it, was in itself an outcome of history.
R: The Americans know more about our history than we know about theirs, though I hope that will soon be remedied.
S: Such contempt for all things past, and such engaging frankness , in expressing it were themselves the outcome of the social history of the United States in the 19th century.


8. S1: Rammohan Roy was associated with several newspapers.
S6: Rarnmohan Roy even addressed a petition to the Mng-in-Council in England.

P: Many educationists protested vigorously against these measures.
Q: But this came to grief soon after the enactment in 1823, of new measures for the control of the press.
R: He brought out a bilingual, Bengali- English magazine.
S: Later, desiring an all - India circulation, he published a weekly in Persian, which was recognised then as the language of the cultured classes all over India.


9. S1: The study of speech disorders due to brain injury suggests that patients can think without having adequate control over their language.
S6: How they manage to do this we do not know.

P: But they succeed in playing games of chess.
Q: Some patients, for example, fail to find the names of objects presented to them.
R: They can even use the concepts needed for chess playing, though they are unable to express many of the concepts in ordinary language.
S: They even find it difficult to interpret long written notices.


10. S1: Your letter was a big relief.
S6: But don't forget to bring chocolate for Geeta.

P: How did your exams go?
Q: After your result, you must come here for a week.
R: You hadn't written for over a month.
S: I am sure you will come out with flying colours.


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Different kinds of adverbs go in different positions in a clause. Here are some general rules (Note: these rules apply both to one-word adverbs and to adverb phrases of two or more words.)

Verb and object
We do not usually put adverbs between a verb and its object.

[...adverb + verb + object] [verb + adverb + object]
I very much like my job. (NOT I like very much-my job.)
[...verb + object + adverb]
She speaks English well. (NOT She speaks well English.)

Initial, mid and end position

There are three normal positions for adverbs:
a. initial position (at the beginning of a clause)
- Yesterday morning something very strange happened.
b. mid-position (with the verb - for the exact position)
- My brother completely forgot my birthday.
c. end position (at the end of a clause)
- What are you doing tomorrow?
Most adverb phrases (adverbs of two or more words) cannot go in mid-position. Compare:
- He got dressed quickly. He quickly got dressed.
- (Quickly can go in end or mid-position.)
- He got dressed in a hurry. (NOT He in a hurry got dressed.)
- (In a hurry cannot go in mid-position.)

What goes where?
a. initial position
- Connecting adverbs (which join a clause to what came before). Time adverbs can also go here .
- However, not everybody agreed. (connecting adverb)
- Tomorrow I've got a meeting in Cardiff, (time adverb)

b. mid-position
- Focusing adverbs (which emphasize one part of the clause); adverbs of certainty and completeness; adverbs of indefinite frequency; some adverbs of manner.
- He's been everywhere he's even been to Antarctica, (focusing adverb)
- It will probably rain this evening, (certainty)
- I've almost finished painting the house, (completeness)
- My boss often travels to America, (indefinite frequency)
- He quickly got dressed, (manner)

c. end-position

Adverbs of manner (how), place (where) and time (when) most often go in end-position.
- She brushed her hair slowly. (manner)
- The children are playing upstairs. (place)
- I phoned Alex this morning. (time)
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