Idioms Quiz 34

Test # 34


1.
Choose an idiom to replace the expression in the brackets:
The DVD player is not working so we will have to (substitute) the radio.

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Simple Science

The Amount of Heat Absorbed

Other Facts about Heat:
The amount of heat which must be constantly supplied to water at the boiling point in order to change it into steam is far greater than we realize. If we put a beaker of ice water (water at 0 C.) over a steady flame, and note (1) the time which elapses before the water begins to boil, and (2) the time which elapses before the boiling water completely boils away, we shall see that it takes about 5-1/4 times as long to change water into steam as it does to change its temperature from 0 C. to 100 C. Since, with a steady flame, it takes 5-1/4 times as long to change water into steam as it does to change its temperature from 0 C. to the boiling point, we conclude that it takes 5-1/4 times as much heat to convert water at the boiling point into steam as it does to raise it from the temperature of ice water to that of boiling water.

The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 C. is equal to 1 calorie, and the amount necessary to raise the temperature 100 C. is equal to 100 calories; hence the amount of heat necessary to convert 1 gram of water at the boiling point into steam at that same temperature is equal to approximately 525 calories. Very careful experiments show the exact heat of vaporization to be 536.1 calories.

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