Prepositions - After

Prepositions - After

  • After means later than or following.

    Pattern 1: be + after + noun
    The reception is after the wedding ceremony.

    Pattern 2: after + gerund form of verb + noun
    After finishing your homework, you can watch television.

    Pattern 3: after (conjunction) + subject noun + verb After you finish your homework, you can watch television.

    Pattern 4: verb + after (conjunction) + subject noun + verb The boss left after I came in.

  • After can mean lower in value or rank.
    That school's athletes placed after ours in the playoffs.

  • After can mean in pursuit of.

    Pattern: verb + after + noun
    The cat ran after the mouse.

    Verbs often used before after:
    be, come, go, run

  • After can mean because of.

    Pattern: adjective . . . + after + noun
    He was mad at her after her behavior at the party.

    Typical nouns used after after:
    attitude, behavior, failure, kindness, manners, outburst, reaction, success

  • After can mean in spite of.

    Pattern: after + verb in gerund form
    They never got married, after dating for years.
    After reading this article three times, I still don't understand it.

  • After can mean in the style of.

    Pattern: noun + after + noun
    The school play was a drama after Shakespeare.

  • After can indicate continuously.

    Pattern: time period + after + same time period
    The man waited night after night for his telephone to ring.
    Life got harder year after year.
    His mother told him time after time to clean up his room.

    Nouns often used with this meaning:
    day, hour, month, night, time, week, year
  • --- >>>
  • Prepositions - About
  • Prepositions - Above
  • Prepositions - Across
  • Prepositions - After
  • Prepositions - Against
  • Prepositions - Ahead Of
  • Prepositions - Along
  • Prepositions - Among
  • Prepositions - Around
  • Prepositions - As
  • Prepositions - At
  • Prepositions - Back to/Back From
  • Prepositions - Before
  • Prepositions - Behind
  • Prepositions - Below
  • Prepositions - Beneath
  • Prepositions - Beside
  • Prepositions - Besides
  • Prepositions - Between
  • Prepositions - Beyond
  • Prepositions - But
  • Prepositions - By
  • Prepositions - Close To
  • Prepositions - Despite/In Spite Of
  • Prepositions - Down
  • Prepositions - During
  • Prepositions - Except
  • Prepositions - Far From
  • Prepositions - For
  • Prepositions - From
  • Prepositions - In
  • Prepositions - In Back Of
  • Prepositions - In Front Of
  • Prepositions - Inside
  • Prepositions - Instead Of
  • Prepositions - Into
  • Prepositions - Like
  • Prepositions - Near
  • Prepositions - Next To
  • Prepositions - Of
  • Prepositions - Off
  • Prepositions - On
  • Prepositions - On Top Of
  • Prepositions - Onto
  • Prepositions - Opposite
  • Prepositions - Out
  • Prepositions - Outside
  • Prepositions - Over
  • Prepositions - Past
  • Prepositions - Through
  • Prepositions - Throughout
  • Prepositions - To
  • Prepositions - Toward
  • Prepositions - Towards
  • Prepositions - Under
  • Prepositions - Underneath
  • Prepositions - Until
  • Prepositions - Up
  • Prepositions - With
  • Prepositions - Within
  • Prepositions - Without
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    Simple Science

    The Value of Overtones

    Musical Instruments:
    The presence of overtones determines the quality of the sound produced. If the string vibrates as a whole merely, the tone given out is simple, and seems dull and characterless. If, on the other hand, it vibrates in such a way that overtones are present, the tone given forth is full and rich and the sensation is pleasing. A tuning fork cannot vibrate in more than one way, and hence has no overtones, and its tone, while clear and sweet, is far less pleasing than the same note produced by a violin or piano. The untrained ear is not conscious of overtones and recognizes only the strong dominant fundamental. The overtones blend in with the fundamental and are so inconspicuously present that we do not realize their existence; it is only when they are absent that we become aware of the beauty which they add to the music. A song played on tuning forks instead of on strings would be lifeless and unsatisfying because of the absence of overtones.

    It is not necessary to hold finger or pencil at the points 1:3, 1:4, etc., in order to cause the string to vibrate in various ways; if a string is merely plucked or bowed at those places, the result will be the same. It is important to remember that no matter where a string of definite length is bowed, the note most distinctly heard will be the fundamental; but the quality of the emitted tone will vary with the bowing. For example, if a string is bowed in the middle, the effect will be far less pleasing than though it were bowed near the end. In the piano, the hammers are arranged so as to strike near one end of the string, at a distance of about 1:7 to 1:9; and hence a large number of overtones combine to reŽnforce and enrich the fundamental tone.

    FIG. - A string can vibrate in a number of different ways simultaneously, and can produce different notes simultaneously.

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