prepositions - against

Prepositions - Against

  • Against means touching something or somebody for support.

    Pattern 1: verb + against + noun
    The man was leaning against his car.

    Typical verbs used before against:
    hang, lean, lie, rest, sleep

    Pattern 2: verb + noun + against + noun
    They held the mirror against the wall.

    Typical verbs used before against:
    butt, hold, keep, lay, lean, place, pull, put, rest, set

  • Against means touching forcibly.

    Pattern: noun + verb + against + noun
    The rain beat against the window.

    Verbs often used before against:
    bang, beat, crash, crush, heave, hit, knock, push, splash, throw, thrust

  • Against means in opposition to.

    Pattern: noun + verb + against + noun
    The mayor was against the idea of a new day-care center.
    Stealing is against the law.
    Our senator voted against that bill.

    Typical verbs used before against:
    act, argue, campaign, debate, fight, go, move, play, vote, work

    Nouns often used after against:
    action, bill, concept, enemy, force, idea, law, nomination, orders, plan, precepts, principles, proposal, regulations, religion, rules, suggestion, teachings, team, wishes

  • Against can mean toward a force in the opposite direction.

    Pattern: verb + against + the + noun
    Sailing was rough yesterday; we sailed against the wind all day.

    Typical verbs used before against:
    drive, fight, go, move, run, sail, struggle, swim, walk

    Nouns often used after against:
    current, flow, force, tide, wind

    Expression:
    against trafficó
    I drive against traffic because I live in the city and I work in the suburbs.

  • Against can mean to the disadvantage of.

    Pattern: noun + be + against + noun
    You may not get that job because your age is against you.
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  • Prepositions - About
  • Prepositions - Above
  • Prepositions - Across
  • Prepositions - After
  • Prepositions - Against
  • Prepositions - Ahead Of
  • Prepositions - Along
  • Prepositions - Among
  • Prepositions - Around
  • Prepositions - As
  • Prepositions - At
  • Prepositions - Back to/Back From
  • Prepositions - Before
  • Prepositions - Behind
  • Prepositions - Below
  • Prepositions - Beneath
  • Prepositions - Beside
  • Prepositions - Besides
  • Prepositions - Between
  • Prepositions - Beyond
  • Prepositions - But
  • Prepositions - By
  • Prepositions - Close To
  • Prepositions - Despite/In Spite Of
  • Prepositions - Down
  • Prepositions - During
  • Prepositions - Except
  • Prepositions - Far From
  • Prepositions - For
  • Prepositions - From
  • Prepositions - In
  • Prepositions - In Back Of
  • Prepositions - In Front Of
  • Prepositions - Inside
  • Prepositions - Instead Of
  • Prepositions - Into
  • Prepositions - Like
  • Prepositions - Near
  • Prepositions - Next To
  • Prepositions - Of
  • Prepositions - Off
  • Prepositions - On
  • Prepositions - On Top Of
  • Prepositions - Onto
  • Prepositions - Opposite
  • Prepositions - Out
  • Prepositions - Outside
  • Prepositions - Over
  • Prepositions - Past
  • Prepositions - Through
  • Prepositions - Throughout
  • Prepositions - To
  • Prepositions - Toward
  • Prepositions - Towards
  • Prepositions - Under
  • Prepositions - Underneath
  • Prepositions - Until
  • Prepositions - Up
  • Prepositions - With
  • Prepositions - Within
  • Prepositions - Without
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    English Grammar
    All of these words refer to an area with lots of trees and other vegetation close together.

    The word jungle refers to a tropical area (it can also be called a rain forest). The Amazon in Brazil is an example of a jungle.

    In non-tropical areas, land filled with trees can be called the forest or the woods:
  • We went camping in the forest / in the woods.
  • The frightened fox ran across the parking lot and then disappeared into the forest/woods.

    We usually say "the woods" - when it is necessary to use "a," we typically use forest:
  • There is a large forest in the eastern part of the state.
  • There is a large woods

    The word wood is used for the substance that comes from trees and is used in construction and to make furniture and other objects:
  • This table is made of wood.
  • A small wooden cross marked the burial site.

    wooden" is the adjective meaning "made of wood.

    If we are talking about multiple pieces of wood, then we say "pieces of wood" and not "woods":
  • We gathered a few pieces of wood to start a fire. a few woods

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