1. Without indicates the absence of somebody.
I can't live without you.
Please don't leave without me.
2. Without means not having.
Pattern: verb + without + (any) noun
That young mother manages without any help.
We are without money this month.
3. Without means not using.
Pattern: verb + noun + without + noun
We did the crossword puzzle without a dictionary.
She can't read without her glasses.
4. Without means not performing an action.
Pattern: without + verb in gerund form
She passed the test without studying.
He left without saying good-bye.
without a doubt—certainly
She is without a doubt the best chairman we have ever had.
without fail—a demand or promise to do something Be here at six A.M. without fail.
I will finish within three days without fail.
without ceremony—immediately and quietly
He took charge without ceremony and began to work.
that goes without saying—that is understood to be true
You will be paid well for your work; that goes without saying.
Forever Young Naturally Eating
When to Supplement Support the heart
Co-enzyme Q10 keeps all parts of the body working well, and is essential for generating energy and for muscle function and stamina, but it declines in the body and is less easily absorbed after our 20s. An antioxidant, it may help treat heart disease and lower high blood pressure, and seems to have an anticancer action. It is also prescribed to prevent age-related memory loss and boost immunity. Food sources include sardines, peanuts, and spinach, or take 50 mg daily with food (consult your doctor if taking heart or blood-pressure medication).