ESL-EFL Test - 31

Quizzes, tests, exercises and puzzles for English as a Second Language (ESL), English as a foreign language (EFL), Teaching EFL (TEFL), Test of EFL (TOEFL), English for speakers of other languages (ESOL), Teaching ESOL (TESOL), TOEIC.

1. If something is par for the course, it is better than you had expected.

2. If the police want to stop people entering a place, they close it off.

3. If something occurs, it comes about.

4. If the program still doesn't work, try ________ the software

5. If the police finally realise someone is a criminal and arrest them, they catch up on them.

6. If something's a curve ball, it is deceptive.

7. If you are wearing very smart clothes, you are dressed to the ________

8. If the police close in on a criminal, they get nearer to finding them.

9. If you cross something off or delete it from a list, you mark it up.

10. If you are like a fish out of water, you are ________

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Xmas Cake Ideas

Sparkling Snowfall Cake

Sweet and sophisticated. Pour on ganache glaze provides the smooth, chocolatey backdrop for your white candy designs. A stack of candy snowflakes create the edible tree.

Different kinds of adverbs go in different positions in a clause. Here are some general rules (Note: these rules apply both to one-word adverbs and to adverb phrases of two or more words.)

Verb and object
We do not usually put adverbs between a verb and its object.

[...adverb + verb + object] [verb + adverb + object]
I very much like my job. (NOT I like very much-my job.)
[...verb + object + adverb]
She speaks English well. (NOT She speaks well English.)

Initial, mid and end position

There are three normal positions for adverbs:
a. initial position (at the beginning of a clause)
- Yesterday morning something very strange happened.
b. mid-position (with the verb - for the exact position)
- My brother completely forgot my birthday.
c. end position (at the end of a clause)
- What are you doing tomorrow?
Most adverb phrases (adverbs of two or more words) cannot go in mid-position. Compare:
- He got dressed quickly. He quickly got dressed.
- (Quickly can go in end or mid-position.)
- He got dressed in a hurry. (NOT He in a hurry got dressed.)
- (In a hurry cannot go in mid-position.)

What goes where?
a. initial position
- Connecting adverbs (which join a clause to what came before). Time adverbs can also go here .
- However, not everybody agreed. (connecting adverb)
- Tomorrow I've got a meeting in Cardiff, (time adverb)

b. mid-position
- Focusing adverbs (which emphasize one part of the clause); adverbs of certainty and completeness; adverbs of indefinite frequency; some adverbs of manner.
- He's been everywhere he's even been to Antarctica, (focusing adverb)
- It will probably rain this evening, (certainty)
- I've almost finished painting the house, (completeness)
- My boss often travels to America, (indefinite frequency)
- He quickly got dressed, (manner)

c. end-position

Adverbs of manner (how), place (where) and time (when) most often go in end-position.
- She brushed her hair slowly. (manner)
- The children are playing upstairs. (place)
- I phoned Alex this morning. (time)
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