- We say fractions like this:

1/8 one eighth , 3/7 three sevenths

2/5 two fifths, 11/16 eleven sixteenths

We normally use a singular verb after fractions below 1.

Three quarters of a ton is too much.

We use a plural noun with fractions and decimals over 1.

- We say decimal fractions like this:

O'125 nought point one two five (NOT 0,125—nought comma one two five)

3.7 three point seven

- The figure 0 is usually called nought in British English, and zero in American English.

When we say numbers one figure at a time, 0 is often called oh (like the letter 0).

My account number is four one three oh six.

In measurements of temperature, 0 is called zero.

Zero degrees Centigrade is thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit.

Zero scores in team games are called nil (American zero).

Zero in tennis and similar games is called love.

- We say each figure separately. When the same figure comes twice, we usually say double (British English only).

307 4922 three oh seven four nine double two.

- We say the numbers like this:

Henry the i Louis the Fourteenth

Henry VIII Louis XIV

- The ground floor of a British house is the first floor of an American house; the British first floor is the American second floor, etc.

second floor first floor ground floor

| y | |

IBM | ip | =i |

p| | | jo |

third floor second floor first floor

- In British English, we use and between the hundreds and the tens in a number.

310 three hundred and ten (US three hundred ten)

5,642 five thousand, six hundred and forty-two

Note that in writing we use commas (,) to separate thousands.

We can say a hundred or one hundred, a thousand or one thousand. One is more formal.

- I want to live for a hundred years.

Pay Mr J Baron one thousand pounds, (on a cheque)

We only use a at the beginning of a number. Compare: a hundred three thousand one hundred We can use a with other measurement words. a pint a foot a mile.

After a number or determiner, hundred, thousand, million and dozen have no final -s. Compare:

- five hundred pounds hundreds of pounds

several thousand times It cost thousands

Other number expressions have no -s when they are used as adjectives.

a five-pound note a three-mile walk

- We use be in measurements.

She's five feet eight (inches tall).

I'm sixty-eight kilos.

What shoe size are you?

In an informal style, we often use foot instead of feefwhen we talk about people's heights.

My father's six foot two.

- 1p one penny (informal: one p /pi:/) or a penny 5p five pence (informal: five p)

£3.75 three pounds seventy-five When we use sums of money as adjectives, we use singular forms. a five pound note (NOT a five-pounds note)

When expressions of measurement, amount and quantity are used as adjectives, they are normally singular.

- a ten-mile walk (HOT a ten-miles walk)

six two-hour lessons

a three-month-old baby

We can use possessives in expressions of time.

a week's holiday four days ' journey

When we count the number of people in a group, we often use the structure there are + number + of+ pronoun.

- There are only seven of us here today.

There were twelve of us in my family.

Common ways of calculating are:

- 2 + 2 = 4 two and two is/are four (informal)

two plus two equals four (formal)

7-4 = 3 four from seven is three (informal)

seven minus four equals three (formal)

3 x 4 = 12

three fours are twelve (informal)

three multiplied by four equals twelve (formal)

9 / 3 = 3

nine divided by three equals three

Basic English Usage

Vocabulary Game 2

English Phrases

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