ESL-EFL Test - 21

Quizzes, tests, exercises and puzzles for English as a Second Language (ESL), English as a foreign language (EFL), Teaching EFL (TEFL), Test of EFL (TOEFL), English for speakers of other languages (ESOL), Teaching ESOL (TESOL), TOEIC.


1. I think she's a couple of years ________


2. I remember ________ smoke coming out of the engine.


3. I saw it ________ TV.


4. I tied my shoelaces ________


5. I sent ________ for clothes from the mail order company.



6. I take two sugars ________ coffee


7. I should be home by around nine so I'll see you then


8. I spend a lot of time ________ the phone


9. I remember telling her


10. I take milk in coffee


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Different kinds of adverbs go in different positions in a clause. Here are some general rules (Note: these rules apply both to one-word adverbs and to adverb phrases of two or more words.)

Verb and object
We do not usually put adverbs between a verb and its object.

[...adverb + verb + object] [verb + adverb + object]
I very much like my job. (NOT I like very much-my job.)
[...verb + object + adverb]
She speaks English well. (NOT She speaks well English.)

Initial, mid and end position

There are three normal positions for adverbs:
a. initial position (at the beginning of a clause)
- Yesterday morning something very strange happened.
b. mid-position (with the verb - for the exact position)
- My brother completely forgot my birthday.
c. end position (at the end of a clause)
- What are you doing tomorrow?
Most adverb phrases (adverbs of two or more words) cannot go in mid-position. Compare:
- He got dressed quickly. He quickly got dressed.
- (Quickly can go in end or mid-position.)
- He got dressed in a hurry. (NOT He in a hurry got dressed.)
- (In a hurry cannot go in mid-position.)

What goes where?
a. initial position
- Connecting adverbs (which join a clause to what came before). Time adverbs can also go here .
- However, not everybody agreed. (connecting adverb)
- Tomorrow I've got a meeting in Cardiff, (time adverb)

b. mid-position
- Focusing adverbs (which emphasize one part of the clause); adverbs of certainty and completeness; adverbs of indefinite frequency; some adverbs of manner.
- He's been everywhere he's even been to Antarctica, (focusing adverb)
- It will probably rain this evening, (certainty)
- I've almost finished painting the house, (completeness)
- My boss often travels to America, (indefinite frequency)
- He quickly got dressed, (manner)

c. end-position

Adverbs of manner (how), place (where) and time (when) most often go in end-position.
- She brushed her hair slowly. (manner)
- The children are playing upstairs. (place)
- I phoned Alex this morning. (time)
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