subject verb agreement situations
➲ Singular nouns and pronouns use the contraction doesnít while plural
nouns and pronouns use the contraction donít.
This piece doesnít look like the one we need. (singular noun subject)
He doesnít need to exercise that frequently. (singular pronoun subject)
These occasions donít need to be photographed. (plural noun subject)
They donít remember your saying that. (plural pronoun subject)
Note: Avoid using contractions in formal writing. Contractions are
allowable in dialogue.
➲ A collective noun (a name that refers to a group of people, animals,
or things, though they are singular in form) can be used as a
singular or plural noun.
➲ If the collective noun refers to a unit or as a whole, use a singular verb
The squad is meeting this afternoon. Its president is Kanisha. (Squad is
considered a unit since all of its members will be meeting as a unit.
Thus, Its [not Their] is an appropriate pronoun reference.)
➲ When a group is considered as individuals, the collective noun is plural.
The squad brought their notebooks. (Squad refers to individual members
so the pronoun their is warranted.)
➲ Some nouns that look as if they are plural take singular verbs and
pronouns. These nouns include civics, economics, genetics, gymnastics,
mathematics, news, physics, social studies, and others.
Physics is a challenging subject for Mitch because it demands much
time and intelligence. (It is a pronoun reference to physics.)
Social studies is an interesting subject.
My Account / Test History
Note: For boys, the period between 14-17 approximately (slightly younger for girls) is called adolescence, i.e. you are an adolescent. In law you are an adult at the age of 18, but many people think of you as an adult when you leave school.
Childhood and adolescence
Sam (on the right) was born in Scotland but when he was two, his father got a new job in London and he grew up in the south of England He went to university at 18 where he ...
... where he met Anthea. He went out with her (= she was his girlfriend; he was her boyfriend) for three years, but towards the end they had lots of rows (= arguments) and they split up (= broke up / separated). In his mid twenties ...
... in his mid twenties he met Maureen. They fell in love and got married within six months.
A year later she got pregnant and they had their first child, a boy. As you can see, she is now expecting their second child (to be pregnant = to be expecting a baby). But sadly Sam met another woman and he left Maureen two months ago to live with the other woman.