the adjective clause
verb) is a subordinate or dependent clause that functions as an adjective. This
type of clause answers the question, Which one? Relative pronouns, such as
who, whom, which, and that, begin adjective clauses. At times, words such
as where or when can also begin adjective clauses. If you delete the adjective
clause from a sentence, you will still have a full (though less informative)
In the following sentences, the adjective clause is underlined. Notice the
word that begins the clause.
This extremely intelligent geologist, who is also a talented juggler,
has been asked to visit the State Assembly later this month.
The street that you live on is scheduled to be repaved next month.
The movie director, whom you read about last week, will be
promoting her new film throughout Europe.
There are essentially two types of adjective clauses—restrictive and unrestrictive
➲ A restrictive (or essential) adjective clause offers essential
information that is necessary to complete the sentence’s thought.
An example of this is, ‘‘The trophy that was presented to you is
enormous.’’ Here, the adjective clause that was presented to you restricts
the information to just that trophy.
➲ An unrestrictive (or nonessential) clause simply offers more
information about the noun it describes. In the sentence, ‘‘The trophy,
which was made in Canada, was presented to you,’’ the adjective clause
which was made in Canada is nonessential to the sentence. It just offers
more information about the trophy.
My Account / Test History
Note: For boys, the period between 14-17 approximately (slightly younger for girls) is called adolescence, i.e. you are an adolescent. In law you are an adult at the age of 18, but many people think of you as an adult when you leave school.
Childhood and adolescence
Sam (on the right) was born in Scotland but when he was two, his father got a new job in London and he grew up in the south of England He went to university at 18 where he ...
... where he met Anthea. He went out with her (= she was his girlfriend; he was her boyfriend) for three years, but towards the end they had lots of rows (= arguments) and they split up (= broke up / separated). In his mid twenties ...
... in his mid twenties he met Maureen. They fell in love and got married within six months.
A year later she got pregnant and they had their first child, a boy. As you can see, she is now expecting their second child (to be pregnant = to be expecting a baby). But sadly Sam met another woman and he left Maureen two months ago to live with the other woman.