prepositions - with

Prepositions - With

1. With means in the company of.

Pattern 1: verb + with + noun
She is with her sister.
I danced with him.

Typical verbs used before with:
be, chat, converse, dance, drink, eat, go, leave, live, play, stay, study, talk, travel, walk, work

Pattern 2: verb + noun + with + noun
She spent the weekend with us.

Typical verbs used with this pattern:
dance, drink, eat, leave, play, spend, study

Expressions:
to be tied up with—to be occupied with at the moment
He can't come to the phone; he is tied up with a client.
to be in a discussion with—to be talking seriously to
The boss is in a discussion with the manager right now.

2. With means in the same place as.

Pattern 1: be + with + noun
My hat is with my scarf.

Pattern 2: verb + noun + with + noun
Put your coat with mine.
She left her children with the babysitter.

Typical verbs:
keep, leave, put, store

3. With can mean added together.

Pattern: noun + with + noun
She always drinks her coffee with sugar.
The hotel with meals will cost 200 dollars a day.

4. With can describe something by indicating what it has.

Pattern 1: noun + with + noun
Did you see a woman with a baby a few minutes ago?
I have an article with pictures for my presentation.

Pattern 2: be + past participle + with + noun
You will be provided with two sets of keys.

Past participles used with this pattern:
caught, discovered, found, furnished, provided, seen
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    To imply something means to suggest it in an indirect way, without saying it directly.
  • Larry's remarks implied that he'd be leaving the company soon.
  • The evidence seems to imply that the suspect is innocent of the crime.

    To infer something is to form a conclusion from the information available (especially if the information available does not state things directly):
  • From Larry's remarks, I inferred that he'd probably be leaving the company soon.
  • Based on the evidence, the judge inferred that the suspect was innocent.

    These two words describe the same event but from the two different sides (similar to lend and borrow). The speaker or writer implies a point (suggests it indirectly). The reader or listener infers a point (comes to their own conclusion after considering the indirect information).

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