3. assure, asseverate, avow, vow, give one's solemn word or promise, offer assurance, state on one's honor, pledge, swear to, state under oath, Inf. promise; avouch, affirm, assert, declare, state emphatically, say for certain or sure.
4. guarantee, warrant, insure, ensure, indemnify; endorse, vouch for, notarize, witness, underwrite, countersign, cosign for, back up, stand behind.
cessation, n. 1. termination, ending, completion, finish, conclusion, close, desinence; discontinuance, breaking off, abruption; ceasing, stay, end, quitting, desisting, desistance; arrest, halt, stand, standstill, stoppage.
2. intermission, pause, cease, rest, break, Inf. breather, lull, respite, letup, recess, time out, leaving off; suspension, interruption, discontinuation, abeyance, remission,
cession, n. 1. surrender, relinquishment, abnegation, abdication; transfer, transferal, transference, Law. conveyance; leasing, handing over, signing away, making over; release, quittance, acquittance, abandonment.
2. yielding, capitulation, submission; concession, conceding, acquiescence, compliance, agreement,
chafe, v. 1. warm up, heat up, rub together, kindle, inflame.
2. wear, wear down or away, wear out, fray, ravel, unravel, shred, wear to shreds or pieces, tatter, Inf. frazzle, erode, waste away; abrade, rub, fret, rasp, grate, scratch, scrape, excoriate; scour, scrub.
3. irritate, rankle, exasperate, aggravate, exascer-bate, rub the wrong way; annoy, vex, irk, peeve, gall, nettle, tease; harass, harry, ride, nag, get on one's back; plague, torture, torment, trouble; hector, pester, badger, Archaic, haggle, bother; disturb, agitate, shake, unsettle, ruffle, fluster, unnerve; pique, roil, rile, madden, anger, enrage, infuriate, inflame; arouse, excite, provoke, goad, spur, prod.
4. seethe, sizzle, simmer, foam, smoke, boil, burn; fume, rage, storm, rant, rave, go on, Inf. carry on; fret, fuss, make a fuss about or over, grumble, gripe, croak, complain, whine, Inf. grouse, Inf. stew, SI. squawk, Archaic, pine, pout, frown, sulk, brood over or on, mope.
-n. 5. irritation, aggravation, rub, vexation, torment, trouble, pain in the neck; annoyance, nuisance, bother, pest.
6. heat, hotness, caloric, warmth, warmness, burning; soreness, pain, ache, hurt; abrasion, rub, graze, scrape, scratch, sore; erosion, fret, fray, Inf. frazzle.
chaff1, n. 1. husks, shucks, hulls, glumes, pods, shells; cases, casings, outer coverings; peels, skins, rinds.
2. refuse. Dial, culch, rubbish, garbage, waste, Brit. wastrel, discarded matter; offal, carrion, rot, spoil; offscourings, dregs, draff, grounds, remains, leavings, leftovers; scraps, orts, hogwash, swill; remainder, residue, residuum, scum; scoria, dross, recrement, slag.
3. junk, worthless stuff, SI. dreck, trumpery; trash, riffraff, Brit. Dial, raff, litter; filth, dirt, dust, sweepings; debris, detritus, rubble, stubble, wreckage; fragments, remnants, fag ends, bits and pieces, odds and ends; castoffs, rags, tatters, castaways, rejects, discards.
chaff1, v. 1. banter, josh, tease, twit, taunt, Inf. kid, Inf. ride, Inf. rail, Inf. rag; joke, jest, mock, make fun of, deride, ridicule good-naturedly; be playful or jocose, fool around, Inf. mess around, SI. horse around, clown around. -n. 2. raillery, banter, bantering, badinage, persiflage; joshing, teasing, Inf. kidding, twitting, taunting; ribbing, Inf. riding, Inf. railing, Inf. ragging; joking, jesting, mockery, good-natured ridicule; jocosity, jocoseness, jocularity, waggishness, waggery, drollery; levity, frivolity, frivolousness, giddiness, silliness, light-heartedness; humor, wit, witticism; repartee, quip, sally, Inf. wisecrack, clever or smart remark,
chagrin, n. 1. vexation, annoyance, irritation, aggravation, perturbation, dismay; bitterness, resentment, chafing, rankling, smarting; bother, fret, worry, care, disquiet.