synonyms 54

Test # 54

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Synonyms Dictionary

2. otherwise, else, more, on the side. -prep. 3. over and above, above and beyond, in addition to; apart from, U.S. Inf. aside from, other than, except, excepting, Inf. outside of, with the exception of; excluding, barring, saving; exclusive of, without, sans. besiege, v. 1. siege, lay siege to, invest, contain, confine, cordon off, blockade; surround, encircle, encompass, hedge in, pen in, shut in.
2. importune, press, pressure, push, ply; pester, plague, bother, trouble, nag, hound, buttonhole; beset, beleaguer, hector, harass, harry, besmear, v. smear, smirch, smudge, begrime, sully, soil, stain, smutch, draggle; daub all over, bedaub, blot, spot, blemish, splatter, spatter, bespatter; defile, blotch, mar, deface, besmirch, v. soil, begrime, muddy, draggle, bedraggle, smutch, smear, besmear; blot, spot, blemish, stain, blotch; mar, defame, defile, sully, taint; tarnish, dull, discolor, oxidate. besot, v. intoxicate, inebriate, stupefy. See befuddle. bespatter, v. 1. spatter, splatter, spot, blot, bedaub, stain, soil, sully, begrime, smudge, smirch, splash.
2. slander, defame, defile, blemish, blotch, mar; smear, besmear, muddy, tarnish, taint, blacken; mark, brand, stigmatize. bespeak, v. 1. ask for, ask for in advance, speak for, speak up for, solicit; prearrange for, order, engage, bid for, sue for; stipulate, requisition, reserve, secure, assure.
2. show, demonstrate, display, evince, exhibit, manifest, reveal, disclose, betray; indicate, imply, intimate; signify, import, point to, affirm, give a token
or sign of, betoken; reflect, represent, savor of; tell of, proclaim, declare, express, testify, bear witness to, attest to; mean, denote, connote, suggest, purport, besprinkle, v. 1. sprinkle, scatter, strew, shower, dispense; dash, dust, powder, dredge, season, spice, flour, salt, sugar; dampen, moisten, spray, wet, water, bedew, spatter.
2. dot, spot, bespeckle, stipple, dapple, mottle; spread, disperse, broadcast, bestrew, best,
adj. 1. excellent, unexcelled, unsurpassed, fine, Inf. super, Inf. superfine; first-class, first-rate, Inf. crack; superior, choice, select; top, paramount, capital; outstanding, foremost, preeminent; venerable, highest, peerless; perfect, superlative, consummate; pure, genuine, sterling, gilt-edged, sound, wholesome, Inf. tip-top.
2. auspicious, propitious, golden, advantageous; best-suited, right, correct, fitting, apt; most desirable, enviable, covetable.
3. largest, most, greatest, biggest, longest, most sizeable, substantial, preponderant, goodly. -
adv. 4. excellently, most suitably, most advantageously, most fortunately, most happily.
5. greatly, extremely, most deeply, most highly, most fully.
6. as best one can try and try again,
Inf. do one's darndest, fight the good fight, muddle through.
7. had best ought to, should, no doubt should.
-n. 8. finest, first, leading, top, foremost; strongest, most powerful, most vigorous, healthiest.
9. finery, fine things, finest clothing,
Inf. best bib and tucker, Sunday best. See finery.
10. peak, prime, zenith, apex, height,
Inf. top of one's form.

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The verb oppress means to keep somebody down by using unjust force. For example, a cruel dictator might oppress his country's people, or the ethnic majority of a population might oppress the minority. Oppress always has a negative connotation, and oppression is usually a continuous condition and not just a onetime event.

The word repress can be used in two ways:

1) To put a stop to something by force.

A country's army can repress a revolution or revolt - stop it by fighting and winning against the revolutionaries. Politicians and governments can also repress opposition or dissent (disagreement) through control of the media as well as threatening people who have different opinions.

2) To hold back your feelings, or avoid revealing or acting on them.

If your boss makes an embarrassing mistake during a presentation to a client, you may have to repress your laughter (not laugh, even though you want to). The word "suppress" can also be used for this, and is probably more common.

In psychology, if feelings, memories, or desires are repressed, it means they are buried deep in the person's consciousness (and often cause some negative effects on thinking or behavior). For example, a man who abuses children may have repressed memories of himself being abused when he was a child.

Suppress is the most common of the three, and has the most general meaning. It can be used:

1) In the same sense as repress - to stop a rebellion, uprising, revolt, or dissent by using force. Sometimes we add the adjectives violently, brutally, or bloodily if the suppression involved fighting and killing.

2) For holding back feelings - similarly to repress, but without the psychology meaning. If one of your co-workers who is extremely lazy receives a huge promotion, you might have to suppress your surprise upon hearing the news.

We often say somebody was "unable to suppress" their emotion if they couldn't avoid showing their feelings, or "tried to suppress" their emotion if they are making an effort but having difficulty:
  • She was unable to suppress her tears when she heard about the tragic accident.
  • He tried to suppress his anger and deal with the problem rationally and fairly.

    3) Prevent something from being revealed

    A dishonest lawyer might suppress evidence in a criminal trial. A controlling government might suppress information or news that could present the government in a negative light.
  • ne difference between oppression and suppression/repression is that a minority group can suffer oppression (from the people in power) even if they are not trying to challenge or revolt against them. Repression and suppression are only used when the people in power react against a movement of the citizens.

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